In such a situation, some people resort to expensive creams and treatments. Despite this, it increases again as soon as we go into the sun. You assume that these freckles will also fade with time. If we believe, try home remedies instead of medicines and treatment. You will benefit. Just like this, our grandmothers and grandmothers were not proud of these tips! Nothing special will happen to them.
What is Pigmentation?
Pigmentation refers to the tone of your face. It is also called skin pigmentation disorder or freckle. Our skin derives its color from a pigment called melanin. Due to the production of more melanin, the color of the face becomes darker, while due to less melanin, the color is wheatish or blonde.
When skin cells become damaged or unhealthy due to any reason, they affect the production of melanin. Some pigmentation disorders damage a small part of our skin, but others affect our entire body.
Types of pigmentation
Pigmentation is mainly of three types – albinism (albino), melasma, and vitiligo l There are many misconceptions about pigmentation. Sometimes we also understand dark spots and suntan as pigmentation, but this physical disorder of pigmentation. , Which often occur due to inadequate facial care. In addition, pigmentation can occur even after a skin disorder.
Albinism is genetic. People suffering from this hair become white, skin dry and eyes blue. Their eyes can look red in the light of the sun or bulb etc. l Sometimes people may have vision problems due to this disorder. There is no cure for albinism. In this case, the person should stay in sunlight for a long time. If you or someone close to you has albinism, please note that you must wear sunglasses and caps while venturing out in the sun.
Melasma is the most common stage of pigmentation and is most common in women. It occurs in the dermis of the skin. The thick layer of living cells under the skin is called the dermis. It includes blood vessels, blood vessels, nerve endings, There are sweat glands and hair follicles. It strengthens the skin and strengthens it.
In Melasma, it appears as a large brown patch on the face. After pregnancy and childbirth, there are black spots on the face, which you can call Melasma. Sometimes there is too much sun exposure, imbalance of hormones, and Taking birth control pills can also cause melasma on the face.
It is also called Safeda. Previously, people also considered it an untouchable disease, but it is not so. In some cases, it is completely cured. In most cases vitiligo is genetic. It is considered an autoimmune disease. It is caused by the loss of pigment-producing cells in the skin (melanocytes). In vitiligo, a smooth and white patch is formed on the skin.
4. Skin burns or bruises
Third-degree burns cause scars on the skin, causing black and white spots on them. Often, over time they become lighter.
Causes of Pigmentation
Melanocytes produce the protein melanin in the skin. This melanin is higher in darker people than fair skin. Their pigment cells produce more melanin, which deepens their skin color. This melanization process gives them the ultraviolet of the sun. Protects from rays.
Pigmentation affects the production of melanin. This can happen for several reasons.
• Pigmentation can occur due to prolonged exposure to the sun. When fair-skinned people come in contact with the sun, their skin burns very quickly, causing pigmentation there.
• Due to hormone imbalance, there are freckles on the face. During pregnancy, due to an excess of the hormone called estrogen, there are freckles on the face, breasts, and lower abdomen.
• Pigmentation can also occur due to heredity and autoimmune disease.
• Pigmentation can also occur due to injury or due to an infection.
Treatment to remove freckles and dark spots
Scars and black spots can be removed in many ways. If the freckles are light then you can reduce them with skin lightening and sun-blocking cream. If there is deep pigmentation then you can use a chemical peel, micro-needling, laser Therapy, and Camflash can be done. With these treatments, you will also have to take care of the following things-
1. Skin Lightening Cream
Hydroquinone is a cream that protects the pigment cells present in the skin from breaking down and helps to produce melanin. It is mostly used in melasma. It can sometimes cause itchy skin. Sunblock cream must be applied. Retinoids are also a similar cream. Doctors recommend applying it in Melasma and Colasma. Apart from this, many beauty products also become skin lightening creams, which you can apply.
2. Chemical Peels
In this treatment, the chemical is applied to the skin, which removes the upper layer of the skin. The chemical peel should be done under the supervision of an experienced dermatologist. It is not safe to do chemical peel from a novice. Sometimes the skin is too white. In such a situation, vitiligo can occur.
In this process, with the help of cream, the needle is penetrated deep into the skin. This increases the amount of collagen and elastin. This can sometimes cause swelling, rash, and infection at that place.
4. Laser Therapy
In certain types of laser therapy, the doctor promotes the production of cells called melanocytes by the procedure. You should get this done from a reputed hospital.
5. Skin Camflash
It is a thick and colored cream. It works to hide the melasma and increases the life of your skin.